5 Important Things You Should Know About Biotechnology
Biotechnology is a combination of biology and technology which has been in existence for many years. Scientists use the process in industries and further reasons where they alter microorganisms to produce antibodies or hormones. Read through to get an in-depth knowledge of what biotechnology is.
1 What Is Biotechnology?
The phrase biotechnology was first used in 1927 by a Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky where he used the word for his pig agriculture. He fed his pigs on sugar beets products and defined biotechnology as a process where he made creations using raw substances with the help of living things.
Karl Ereky’s definition was different from other people’s beliefs about the meaning of biotechnology. Other people defined biotechnology as two sides of engineering, where experts studied industrial fermentation and efficiency at the job place. However, biotechnology is interdisciplinary because of the many applications used in the process, and so it does not have a specific meaning. Also, different doctors have defined it differently according to their understanding.
2. History Of Biotechnology
Biotechnology history goes back to around 6000 BC when yeast was used to prepare beer and wine and where bacteria were used to formulate yogurt. Some scientists consider Louis Pasteur as the pioneer of biotechnology because he used microorganisms for fermentation.
3. Scientific Foundations Of Biotechnology
Most of the science content has contributed to the growth of biotechnology in one way or the other. Also, a host of unique branches of science has aided the growth of biotechnology.
The remedies include biochemistry, molecular biology, bioinformatics, chemical engineering, and genetics. The resources and scientists working in these professions have given rise to biotechnology.
4. Uses Of Biotechnology
The research scientists have put into biotechnology gives birth to different uses. In fact, biotechnology is the branch of science that has the most uses. It has contributed to medical and health science through the creation of vaccines and therapeutics, environmental science where it has assisted in environmental monitoring and pollution management, and agricultural science where it has enabled harvest growth and quality of both human and animal feed.
One example of the biotechnological success that has helped people is the advanced discovery is how insulin can be cloned and mixed with microorganisms for a vast generation. Previously, insulin used for treating diabetes was received from the pancreases of pigs and cows, and the process was tiresome and complicated. Nowadays, many patients who suffer from diabetes have profited from the advancement of insulin production.
5. Marketization Of Biotechnology
Economics plays a significant role in the entire process of biotechnology. The reason is that the mission of biotechnology is the betterment of marketable commodities. Also, with the high demand for biotechnological products, a lot of money goes into research. The research has given rise to many biotechnological firms that have participated in the growth of modern-day technology.
Most of the commercial growth of biotechnology exists in developed countries. The process is run with the help of well-educated scientists, and with the onset of the twenty-first century, the technological industries are set to dominate the other enterprises.